Gastric Bypass Surgery – a Treatment for Diabetes
Gastric bypass surgery is considered to be an optimal choice for extremely obese individuals to achieve long-term weight loss. It is also known for helping in the control of chronic illnesses such as diabetes.
Diabetes is a disease of uncontrolled and consistent increase in blood sugar. There are three types of Diabetes. Type 1 also called Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM) results from the body’s failure to produce insulin. Type 2 also known as Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM) results from insulin resistance in the body. The third type called Gestational Diabetes occurs in a patient who is pregnant and has no history of increased glucose before pregnancy.
Diabetes has a triad of major symptoms which include increased appetite, increased thirst and increased urination. Other symptoms include vision changes and skin rashes. A fasting blood glucose test, usually performed as part of a routine medical check-up, is a basic screening for diabetes. If the result reaches 126mg/dL or greater then diabetes is diagnosed while if the result ranges from 100-126mg/dL pre-diabetes is assumed.
Diabetes can cause serious complications to one’s health including cardiovascular diseases, renal failure, sepsis, and retinal damage. Treatment of diabetes is dependent upon which type you have, but is centered around maintaining the proper target blood glucose levels. The most commonly used medications for type 2 diabetes are metformin, glucotrol and acarbose. However, these prescribed medications are only effective if the patient also adapts the necessary changes in lifestyle including a proper diet, portion control and exercise.
Knowing that diabetes is closely related to obesity, a first line of treatment is adapting to a lifestyle change that specifically leads to weight loss. Individuals who are obese and have diabetes must lose weight with daily exercise routines and controlling appetite. However, for some these measures are unsuccessful and weight loss surgery may be an viable option to regain one’s health.
While there are many different options for weight loss surgery (also called bariatric surgery), a primary choice of surgery for individuals who are morbidly obese (Body Mass Index over 40) is gastric bypass surgery. In this surgery, the patient undergoes two processes, first a small pouch is made from the upper part of the stomach and then after a small portion of the intestine is bypassed and reconnected to this pouch. The shorter route and the absence of the cells that produces ghrelin in the stomach help in the weight loss process. Research says that in most of the individuals who undergone the surgery and has diabetes, the disease was controlled, complications prevented and life was better.
Managing or controlling obesity is not an easy task. It requires diligence, perseverance, patience and a lot of hard work. Weight loss surgeries help in this task, but the psychological burden is still for the patient to carry. However, for the long-term control of diabetes and other weight-realer health issues, permanent weight loss is essential to one’s health.
If you are overweight and suffering from diabetes or other weight-related health conditions, and traditional diet and exercise have failed to achieve lasting results, contact us for more information about Gastric Bypass Surgery.
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